Study on Multi-Feature Fusion of EEG to Evaluate Children with Autism
Zhao Jie1, Jin Yajuan1, Zhang Zhiming1, Wan Lingyan1, Li Xiaoli2, Kang Jiannan1*
1(Institute of Electronic Information Engineering, Hebei University, Baoding 071000, Hebei, China) 2(State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
Abstract：Autism is a complex neurodevelopmental brain disease, early detection and accurate diagnosis are very important. This paper extracted power spectrum, entropy, bispectral coherence, and coherence from the EEG signals of 54 autistic and 50 normal children for analysis and research and conducted independent sample t test for each group of characteristics to analyze the differences between the groups. To improve the classification performance, the fusion of multi-feature EEG was proposed for the analysis, and the maximum correlation minimum redundancy algorithm was further used for the feature selection, and at last the support vector machine was used to establish the classification model. Results showed that the classification accuracy rate obtained by single feature classification was 64%, the sensitivity was 68.25%, the specificity was 65.25%, and the F1 score was 69.19%. The single feature was established and showed poor performance. When fusing multiple features for classification, the first 25 features were selected to build a model that had a high classification accuracy of 93.45%, the sensitivity was 91.73%, the specificity was 84.01%, and the F1 score was 92.54%, and the AUC reached 0.96, which had better performance than the single feature classification model. The results of this study provided a scientific and objective basis for the auxiliary diagnosis of autism, as well as a reliable reference for the later rehabilitation of autistic children.
赵杰, 靳亚娟, 张志明, 万灵燕, 李小俚, 康健楠. 融合多特征脑电评估孤独症儿童[J]. 中国生物医学工程学报, 2021, 40(5): 550-558.
Zhao Jie, Jin Yajuan, Zhang Zhiming, Wan Lingyan, Li Xiaoli, Kang Jiannan. Study on Multi-Feature Fusion of EEG to Evaluate Children with Autism. Chinese Journal of Biomedical Engineering, 2021, 40(5): 550-558.
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