Research on the Influence of Music Type on Learning and Memory Based on EEG Signal Source Tracing Analysis
Li Jipeng1,2, Li Ying1,2#*, Zhang Dongying1,2, Feng Hao1,2, Yin Ning1,2
1(State Key Laboratory of Reliability and Intelligence of Electrical Equipment, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China) 2(Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Field and Electrical Apparatus Reliability of Hebei Province, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China)
Abstract：Music plays an important role in our daily life, and more and more scholars pay attention to the influence of music on learning cognitive activities. In this paper, 20 subjects in the EEG experiment for memorizing English words under three music conditions (non-music, classical music and rock music) was enrolled, and standardized low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography algorithm (sLORETA) was applied to reconstruct the sources, and statistical nonparametric mapping method (SnPM) was used to make pairwise comparison analysis of source localization results under three conditions. The localization analyses of EEG signals showed that ERP sources under different music types were mainly distributed in frontal lobes and temporal lobes. The localization results of P300 under non-music condition were mainly distributed in frontal lobe and left temporal lobes, and the localization results of P300 under classical music and rock music were mainly distributed in frontal lobe and right temporal lobe. Statistical analysis of the reconstruction results showed that there were significant differences between the ERP source current densities under different music types (P<0.05). The differences between non-music condition and classical music condition were mainly concentrated in temporal lobe. The differences between non-music condition and rock music condition were mainly concentrated in temporal lobe and frontal lobe. The differences between classical music condition and rock music condition were mainly concentrated in frontal lobe and occipital lobe. Statistical analysis of the behavioral data showed that the correct response rates of the subjects for memorizing words under non-music condition was about 91.00%±0.64%, that of classical music was about 86.00%±0.45%, and that of rock music was about 80.00%±0.24%. The results suggest that music may stimulate the brain, and it may waste the resources of the brain for the current cognitive processing and reduce the efficiency of learning and memory.
李继鹏, 李颖, 张东颖, 冯浩, 尹宁. 基于脑电信号溯源分析的音乐类型对学习记忆影响的研究[J]. 中国生物医学工程学报, 2019, 38(6): 679-686.
Li Jipeng, Li Ying, Zhang Dongying, Feng Hao, Yin Ning. Research on the Influence of Music Type on Learning and Memory Based on EEG Signal Source Tracing Analysis. Chinese Journal of Biomedical Engineering, 2019, 38(6): 679-686.
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